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PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e49704. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0049704. Epub 2012 Dec 11.

A randomized clinical trial of an inactivated avian influenza A (H7N7) vaccine.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Virology and Microbiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, United States of America. rcouch@bcm.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Concern for a pandemic caused by a newly emerged avian influenza A virus has led to clinical trials with candidate vaccines as preparation for such an event. Most trials have involved vaccines for influenza A (H5N1), A (H7N7) or A (H9N2).

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate dosage-related safety and immunogenicity of an inactivated influenza A (H7N7) vaccine in humans.

DESIGN:

One hundred twenty-five healthy young adults were randomized to receive two doses intramuscularly of placebo or 7.5, 15, 45 or 90 µg of HA of an inactivated subunit influenza A (H7N7) vaccine (25 per group), four weeks apart. Reactogenicity was evaluated closely for one week and for any adverse effect for six months after each dose. Serum hemagglutination-inhibiting and neutralizing antibody responses were determined four weeks after each dose and at six months.

RESULTS:

Reactogenicity evaluations indicated the vaccinations were well tolerated. Only one subject developed a ≥4-fold serum hemagglutination-inhibition (HAI) antibody response and a final titer of ≥1:40 four weeks after dose two and only five subjects developed a neutralizing antibody rise and a final titer of ≥1:40 in tests performed at a central laboratory. Four of the five were given the 45 or 90 µg HA dosage. A more sensitive HAI assay at the study site revealed a dose-response with increasing HA dosage but only 36% in the 90 µg HA group developed a ≥4-fold rise in antibody in this test and only one of these achieved a titer of ≥1:32.

CONCLUSION:

This inactivated subunit influenza A (H7N7) vaccine was safe but poorly immunogenic in humans.

TRIALS REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00546585.

PMID:
23239968
PMCID:
PMC3519847
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0049704
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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