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J Nucl Cardiol. 2013 Apr;20(2):205-13. doi: 10.1007/s12350-012-9654-2. Epub 2012 Dec 13.

The safety and tolerability of regadenoson in patients with end-stage renal disease: the first prospective evaluation.

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1
Section of Cardiology, Rush University Medical Center, 1653 W. Congress Pkwy, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. rami_doukky@rush.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There has not been any prospective evaluation of the safety and tolerability of regadenoson (REG)-stress in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD).

METHODS:

From the pooled database of two identically designed randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trials, ASSUAGE and ASSUAGE-CKD (IV-aminophylline vs placebo following REG-stress), we extracted the placebo-treated subjects to form 2 study groups: ESRD (dialysis or GFR < 15 mL/minute/1.73 m(2)) and control (GFR ≥ 30). The incidence of REG adverse effects and the hemodynamic and ECG responses to REG-stress were compared.

RESULTS:

We identified 146 ESRD subjects and 97 controls. There was no significant difference in the incidence of the composite of any REG adverse effect [ESRD 108 (74%) vs control 73 (75%), P = .82]. ESRD patients seem to have excess incidences of diarrhea [42 (29%) vs 14 (14%), P = .009] and fewer events of dizziness [28 (19%) vs 43 (44%), P < .001]. There were no serious adverse events in either group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of ST-segment deviation, tachyarrhythmias, atrioventricular block, or hypotension.

CONCLUSION:

This is the first prospective study to confirm the safety and tolerability of REG in patients with ESRD.

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PMID:
23239416
DOI:
10.1007/s12350-012-9654-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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