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J Adv Prosthodont. 2012 Nov;4(4):197-203. doi: 10.4047/jap.2012.4.4.197. Epub 2012 Nov 29.

Attachment systems for mandibular implant overdentures: a systematic review.

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1
Department of Prosthodontics, Institute for Clinical Dental Research, KUMC, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The aim of this systematic review was to address treatment outcome according to attachment systems for mandibular implant overdentures in terms of implant survival rate, prosthetic maintenance and complications, and patient satisfaction.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed and hand searching of relevant journals considering inclusion and exclusion criteria. Clinical trial studies on mandibular implant overdentures until August, 2010 were selected if more than one type of overdenture attachment was reported. Twenty four studies from 1098 studies were finally included and the data on implant survival rate, prosthetic maintenance and complications, patient satisfaction were analyzed relative to attachment systems.

RESULTS:

Four studies presented implant survival rates (95.8 - 97.5% for bar, 96.2 - 100% for ball, 91.7% for magnet) according to attachment system. Ten other studies presented an implant survival rate ranging from 93.3% to 100% without respect to the attachment groups. Common prosthetic maintenance and complications were replacement of an assay for magnet attachments, and activation of a matrix or clip for ball or bar attachments. Prosthetic maintenance and complications most commonly occurred in the magnet groups. Conflicting findings were found on the rate of prosthetic maintenance and complications comparing ball and bar attachments. Most studies showed no significant differences in patient satisfaction depending upon attachment systems.

CONCLUSION:

The implant survival rate of mandibular overdentures seemed to be high regardless attachment systems. The prosthetic maintenance and complications may be influenced by attachment systems. However patient satisfaction may be independent of the attachment system.

KEYWORDS:

Dental implants; Denture; Mandibular prosthesis; Outcome assessment; Overlay; Patient satisfaction

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