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Gastroenterology. 1990 May;98(5 Pt 1):1338-44.

Effect of truncal vagotomy on cholecystokinin release, gallbladder contraction, and gallbladder sensitivity to cholecystokinin in humans.

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Department of Medicine, University Hospital Nijmegen, The Netherlands.


The present study was undertaken to investigate the gastric and intestinal phase of stimulation of postprandial gallbladder contraction and endogenous cholecystokinin secretion in patients with truncal vagotomy and pyloroplasty. Gallbladder emptying, measured by cholescintigraphy, and endogenous cholecystokinin secretion, measured by radioimmunoassay, were studied after both intragastric and intraduodenal administration of corn oil. In addition, the gallbladder responsiveness to cholecystokinin was investigated by infusion of stepwise increasing doses of exogenous cholecystokinin. In the 6 patients with truncal vagotomy, plasma CCK and gallbladder responses to intraduodenal fat were significantly delayed compared to normal subjects. In contrast, the onset of the plasma cholecystokinin increase and gallbladder emptying after intragastric fat was significantly earlier in the vagotomized patients compared with the normal subjects. In the normal subjects, plasma cholecystokinin and gallbladder responses to intragastric fat were significantly lower during the first 25 min after stimulation compared with the results after intraduodenal fat, whereas in the patients with truncal vagotomy and pyloroplasty, no differences in plasma cholecystokinin and gallbladder responses were found according to the site of fat stimulation. The gallbladder-emptying response to exogenous cholecystokinin increased significantly in patients who had undergone truncal vagotomy. It is concluded (a) that truncal vagotomy with pyloroplasty influences the timing but not the magnitude of fat-stimulated gallbladder contraction and endogenous cholecystokinin secretion; and (b) that the sensitivity of the gallbladder to endogenous and exogenous cholecystokinin is significantly increased in patients with truncal vagotomy.

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