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BMC Fam Pract. 2012 Dec 12;13:118. doi: 10.1186/1471-2296-13-118.

Activating GENeral practitioners dialogue with patients on their Agenda (MultiCare AGENDA) study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Institute of General Practice, Medical Faculty, University of Rostock, Doberaner Str. 142, Rostock 18057, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study investigates the efficacy of a complex multifaceted intervention aiming at increasing the quality of care of GPs for patients with multimorbidity. In its core, the intervention aims at enhancing the doctor-patient-dialogue and identifying the patient's agenda and needs. Also, a medication check is embedded. Our primary hypothesis is that a more patient-centred communication will reduce the number of active pharmaceuticals taken without impairing the patients' quality of life. Secondary hypotheses include a better knowledge of GPs about their patients' medication, a higher patient satisfaction and a more effective and/or efficient health care utilization.

METHODS/DESIGN:

Multi-center, parallel group, cluster randomized controlled clinical trial in GP surgeries.

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Patients aged 65-84 years with at least 3 chronic conditions.

INTERVENTION:

GPs allocated to this group will receive a multifaceted educational intervention on performing a narrative doctor-patient dialogue reflecting treatment targets and priorities of the patient and on performing a narrative patient-centred medication review. During the one year intervention GPs will have a total of three conversations à 30 minutes with the enrolled patients.

CONTROL:

Care as usual. Follow-up per patient: 14 months after baseline interview. Primary efficacy endpoints: Differences in medication intake and health related quality of life between baseline and follow-up in the intervention compared to the control group. Randomization: Computer-generated by an independent institute. It will be performed successively when patient recruitment in the respective surgery is finished. Blinding: Participants (GPs and patients) will not be blinded to their assignment but will be unaware of the study hypotheses or outcome measures.

DISCUSSION:

There is growing evidence that the phenomenon of polypharmacy and low quality of drug use is substantially due to mis-communication (or non-communication) in the doctor patient interaction. We assume that the number of pharmaceutical agents taken can be reduced by a communicational intervention and that this will not impair the patients' health-related quality of life. Improving communication is a core issue of future interventions, especially for patients with multimorbidity.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

Current CONTROLled Trials ISRCTN46272088.

PMID:
23234237
PMCID:
PMC3560077
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2296-13-118
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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