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Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2013 Jan;15(1):293. doi: 10.1007/s11883-012-0293-5.

Vitamin D, calcium, and atherosclerotic risk: evidence from serum levels and supplementation studies.

Author information

1
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA.

Abstract

Vitamin D and calcium have traditionally been viewed in relation to bone health. However, recent research has suggested relations between these nutrients and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Specifically, evidence from both observational studies and clinical trials suggests that vitamin D may be related to lower risk of CVD. The picture for calcium is more complex. Dietary intake of calcium may be associated with lower CVD risk, while calcium supplementation may elevate CVD risk. In this review, we summarize evidence of these relations, and comment on the recent Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations regarding use of vitamin D and calcium supplements.

PMID:
23232985
PMCID:
PMC3531793
DOI:
10.1007/s11883-012-0293-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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