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Chem Soc Rev. 2013 Mar 21;42(6):2423-36. doi: 10.1039/c2cs35360a. Epub 2012 Dec 11.

Catalysis of the electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide.

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Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Laboratoire d'Electrochimie Moléculaire, Unité Mixte de Recherche Université- CNRS No 7591, Bâtiment Lavoisier, 15 rue Jean de Baïf, 75205 Paris Cedex 13, France.


The direct and catalyzed electrochemistry of CO(2) partake in the contemporary attempts to reduce this inert molecule to fuels by means of solar energy, either directly, after conversion of light to electricity, or indirectly in that all elements of comprehension derived from electrochemical experiments can be used in the design and interpretation of photochemical experiments. Following reviews of the activity in the field until 2007-2008, the present review reports more recent findings even if their interpretation remains uncertain. It also develops useful notions that allow analyzing and comparing more rigorously the performances of existing catalysts when the necessary data are available. Among the general trends that transpire presently and are likely to be the object of active future work emphasis is put on the favorable role of acid addition in homogeneous catalytic systems and on the crucial chemical role of the electrode material in heterogeneous catalysis.


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