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J Prev Med Public Health. 2012 Nov;45(6):381-6. doi: 10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.6.381. Epub 2012 Nov 29.

Relationship between cigarette smoking and muscle strength in Japanese men.

Author information

1
Department of Hygiene, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, Kagawa, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate the link between cigarette smoking and muscle strength in Japanese men.

METHODS:

We used data on 4249 Japanese men, aged 43.3±13.9 years, in this cross-sectional investigation study. Grip strength and leg strength were measured as indicators of overall muscle strength. Meanwhile, subjects' cigarette smoking habits were recorded by trained medical staff. The effect of cigarette smoking on muscle strength was evaluated.

RESULTS:

A total of 1618 men (38.1%) were smokers and 1481 men (34.9%) exercised regularly. Significant differences in muscle strength were noted between men with and without a Brinkman index of 400 or greater, after adjusting for age. After adjusting for age, height, body weight and exercise habits, associations between the Brinkman index and leg strength and the ratio of leg strength to body weight were attenuated.

CONCLUSIONS:

Cigarette smoking might be negatively associated with muscle strength, especially grip strength in Japanese men.

KEYWORDS:

Exercise; Grip strength; Leg; Muscle strength; Smoking

PMID:
23230468
PMCID:
PMC3514468
DOI:
10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.6.381
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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