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Chirality. 2013 Feb;25(2):89-100. doi: 10.1002/chir.22112. Epub 2012 Dec 10.

Enantioresolution of chiral derivatives of xanthones on (S,S)-Whelk-O1 and L-phenylglycine stationary phases and chiral recognition mechanism by docking approach for (S,S)-Whelk-O1.

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Centro de Química Medicinal da, Universidade do Porto (CEQUIMED-UP), Porto, Portugal.


The resolution of seven enantiomeric pairs of chiral derivatives of xanthones (CDXs) on (S,S)-Whelk-O1 and L-phenylglycine chiral stationary phases (CSPs) was systematically investigated using multimodal elution conditions (normal-phase, polar-organic, and reversed-phase). The (S,S)-Whelk-O1 CSP, under polar-organic conditions, demonstrated a very good power of resolution for the CDXs possessing an aromatic moiety linked to the stereogenic center with separation factor and resolution factor ranging from 1.91 to 7.55 and from 6.71 to 24.16, respectively. The chiral recognition mechanisms were also investigated for (S,S)-Whelk-O1 CSP by molecular docking technique. Data regarding the CSP-CDX molecular conformations and interactions were retrieved. These results were in accordance with the experimental chromatographic parameters regarding enantioselectivity and enantiomer elution order. The results of the present study fulfilled the initial objectives of enantioselective studies of CDXs and elucidation of intermolecular CSP-CDX interactions.

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