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Ter Arkh. 2012;84(10):14-22.

[Cytokine gene polymorphism in type 2 diabetes mellitus in Russian women from eastern Europe].

[Article in Russian]

Abstract

AIM:

To study the distribution of genotypes in the cytokine genes and their combinations with immunoregulatory activity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and in healthy women.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

586 Europeoid women from the eastern regions of Russia, including 374 healthy women aged 23-68 years and 212 women aged 28-69 years with T2DM complicated and uncomplicated by osteoporosis, were examined. Seven polymorphisms located in the promoter regions of the interleukin (IL) gene: TNF-alpha at positions C-863A, G-308A, G-238A, IL1B T-31C, IL6 G-174C, IL10 C-592A, VEGFA C-2578A were investigated. Restriction analysis of amplification products was applied.

RESULTS:

There were high associations of the predisposition and resistance to the development of T2DM with a number of polylocus cytokine genotype combinations having pro- and anti-inflammatory, angiogenic, and immunoregulatory activities. The association of the cytokine genes with T2DM was found to be mediated in nature through a relationship of the genotypes to the high or low production of regulatory cytokines and to different factors of regulation of lipid and carbohydrate metabolisms, inflammation, and bone remodeling.

CONCLUSION:

The high odds ratio and high specificity of the detected genetic combinations allow one to hope that they will be clinically used as predictors.

PMID:
23227494
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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