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Korean J Pediatr. 2012 Nov;55(11):420-3. doi: 10.3345/kjp.2012.55.11.420. Epub 2012 Nov 23.

Regional differences in phylogenetic group of Escherichia coli strains isolated from children with urinary tract infection in Korea.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We phylogenetically analyzed the Escherichia coli strains isolated from children with urinary tract infection (UTI) in 2 regions of Korea. Virulence factors (VFs) and antibiotic resistance of the strains were also determined to compare the possible differences.

METHODS:

A total of 138 E. coli strains were collected from the 2 regions; Gyeongin (78 strains) and Gyeongnam (60 strains). The phylogenetic groups were determined using the triplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method and multiplex PCRs were used to detect 7 VFs genes (fimH, papC, iutA, hlyA, sfa/focDE, afa/draBC, and kpsMT II). We also tested for antibiotic resistance.

RESULTS:

Phylogenetic groups, B2 (61.6%) and D (26.8%), comprised the majority of all isolated strains. Regional comparisons revealed that more B2 strains and fewer non-B2 (A+B1+D) strains were found in Gyeongnam, than in the Gyeongin region (P=0.033), and certain VFs were predominantly detected in Gyeongnam (P<0.05). Neither regional nor phylogenetic differences, in antibiotic resistance of the strains, were significant.

CONCLUSION:

We were able to confirm that the geographic location is an important determinant of the distribution of the phylogenetic groups and VFs among the E. coli strains that cause UTI in children.

KEYWORDS:

Child; Escherichia coli; Phylogeny; Urinary tract infections

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