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Am J Cancer Res. 2012;2(6):699-713. Epub 2012 Nov 20.

Transcriptional profiling reveals elevated Sox2 in DNA polymerase ß null mouse embryonic fibroblasts.

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Department of Pharmacology & Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA ; University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Hillman Cancer Center Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.


There are over 150 human proteins that have been categorized as bona fide DNA repair proteins. These DNA repair proteins maintain the integrity of the genome, reducing the onset of cancer, disease and aging phenotypes. Variations in expression and/or function would therefore impact genome integrity as well as the cellular response to genotoxins. Global gene expression analysis is an effective approach to uncover defects in DNA repair gene expression and to discover cellular and/or organismal effects brought about by external stimuli such as environmental genotoxicants, chemotherapeutic regimens, viral infections as well as developmental and age-related stimuli. Given the significance of genome stability in cell survival and response to stimuli, we have hypothesized that cells may undergo transcriptional re-programming to accommodate defects in basal DNA repair capacity to promote survival. As a test of this hypothesis, we have compared the transcriptome in three DNA polymerase ß knockout (Polß-KO) mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and the corresponding wild-type (WT) littermate control cell lines. Each Polß-KO cell line was found to have a range of genes up-regulated, when compared to its WT littermate control cell line. Interestingly, six (6) genes were commonly up regulated in all three Polß-KO cell lines, including Sox2, one of several genes associated with the induction of pluripotent stem cells. Herein, we present these findings and suggest that loss of DNA repair and the induction of cellular transcriptional re-programming may, in part, contribute to tumor formation and the cellular response to external stimuli.


DNA polymerase ß; Sox2; gene expression profiling; mouse embryonic fibroblast; transcriptional reprogramming

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