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PLoS One. 2012;7(11):e50605. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0050605. Epub 2012 Nov 30.

The moderated relationship of appearance valence on appearance self consciousness: development and testing of new measures of appearance schema components.

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Centre for Appearance Research, Faculty of Health and Life Science, University of the West of England, Bristol, United Kingdom.


This paper describes the creation and psychometric properties of two independent measures of aspects of appearance schematicity--appearance salience and valence, assessed by the CARSAL and CARVAL, and their relation to appearance self-consciousness. Five hundred and ninety two participants provided data in a web based task. The results demonstrate the sound psychometric properties of both scales. This was demonstrated by good item total characteristics, good internal reliability of each scale, and the independence of the two scales shown through principal components analysis. Furthermore, the scales show independent and moderated relationships with valid measures of appearance related psychosocial distress. Negatively valenced appearance information was associated with increased appearance self-consciousness. More crucially, the impact of negative valence on appearance self-consciousness was exacerbated by the moderating effect increased salience of appearance.

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