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PLoS One. 2012;7(11):e49692. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0049692. Epub 2012 Nov 30.

Role of histone deacetylases in gene regulation at nuclear lamina.

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1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Abstract

Theoretical models suggest that gene silencing at the nuclear periphery may involve "closing" of chromatin by transcriptional repressors, such as histone deacetylases (HDACs). Here we provide experimental evidence confirming these predictions. Histone acetylation, chromatin compactness, and gene repression in lamina-interacting multigenic chromatin domains were analyzed in Drosophila S2 cells in which B-type lamin, diverse HDACs, and lamina-associated proteins were downregulated by dsRNA. Lamin depletion resulted in decreased compactness of the repressed multigenic domain associated with its detachment from the lamina and enhanced histone acetylation. Our data reveal the major role for HDAC1 in mediating deacetylation, chromatin compaction, and gene silencing in the multigenic domain, and an auxiliary role for HDAC3 that is required for retention of the domain at the lamina. These findings demonstrate the manifold and central involvement of class I HDACs in regulation of lamina-associated genes, illuminating a mechanism by which these enzymes can orchestrate normal and pathological development.

PMID:
23226217
PMCID:
PMC3511463
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0049692
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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