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Pediatr Surg Int. 2013 Mar;29(3):293-8. doi: 10.1007/s00383-012-3225-0. Epub 2012 Dec 9.

Higher expression of phosphorylated myosin regulatory light chain in the common bile duct in pancreaticobiliary maljunction accompanied by bile duct dilatation in children: a post-mortem observational study.

Author information

1
Radiology Department, Children's Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To examine the content of phosphorylated myosin regulatory light chain (P-MLC20) and myosin light-chain kinase (MLCK) in the common bile duct of pediatric patients with pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBM) accompanied by bile duct dilatation (BDD), and investigate their potential role in PBM accompanied by BDD.

METHODS:

Twenty-one specimens of the common bile duct from pediatric patients with PBM accompanied by BDD were collected. P-MLC20 was examined with immunohistochemistry. The expression of P-MLC20 and MLCK was also examined with Western blot. Twenty-one specimens of the common bile duct from pediatric patients without PBM and BDD were used as controls.

RESULTS:

The mean optical density (MOD), mean labeling intensity (MLI) and minimum qualifying scores (MQS) of P-MLC20 were 115.6856 ± 58.1634, 21.7125 % ± 9.6555 and 21.3531 ± 6.5255, respectively. In the control group, MOD, MLI and MQS were 96.5581 ± 9.7859, 11.1813 % ± 3.6208 and 10.7819 ± 3.5323, respectively. There was no significant difference in MOD between the two groups (P > 0.05), whereas there was a significant difference in MLI and MQS between the two groups (P < 0.05). The expression of P-MLC20 and MLCK, as determined with Western blot, was also significantly higher in the PBM group than in the control group (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

P-MLC20 is associated with increased contractile force of the smooth muscle of the common bile duct in pediatric patients with PBM accompanied by BDD. The enhanced expression of P-MLC20 in the common bile duct probably contributes to increased bile duct pressure in PBM via the MLCK pathway.

PMID:
23224623
PMCID:
PMC3575553
DOI:
10.1007/s00383-012-3225-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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