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Mol Biosyst. 2013 Feb 2;9(2):296-306. doi: 10.1039/c2mb25261a. Epub 2012 Dec 7.

A cellular stress-directed bistable switch controls the crosstalk between autophagy and apoptosis.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Chemistry, Molecular Biology and Pathobiochemistry, Semmelweis University, Tüzoltó utca 37-47, Budapest, H-1094, Hungary.

Abstract

Decision-making between life and death is one of the most important tasks of cells to maintain their genetic integrity. While the surviving mechanism is driven by Beclin1-dependent autophagy, the suicide processes are controlled by caspases-mediated apoptosis. Interestingly, both these processes share regulators such as Bcl2 and influence each other through feedback loops. The physiological relevance of the crosstalk between autophagy and apoptosis is still unclear. To gain system level insights, we have developed a mathematical model of the autophagy-apoptosis crosstalk. Our analysis reveals that a combination of Bcl2-dependent regulation and feedback loops between Beclin1 and caspases robustly enforces a sequential activation of cellular responses depending upon the intensity and duration of stress levels. The amplifying loops for caspases activation involving Beclin1-dependent inhibition of caspases and cleavage of Beclin1 by caspases (Beclin1 ┤ caspases ┤ Beclin1; caspases → cleaved Beclin1 → caspases) not only make the system bistable but also help to switch off autophagy at high stress levels. The presence of an additional positive feedback loop between Bcl2 and caspases helps to maintain the caspases activation by making the switch irreversible. Our results provide a framework for further experiments and modelling.

PMID:
23223525
DOI:
10.1039/c2mb25261a
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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