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Med Care Res Rev. 2013 Jun;70(3):310-29. doi: 10.1177/1077558712465773. Epub 2012 Dec 4.

Health care expenditures among Asian American subgroups.

Author information

1
University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA. jichen@umd.edu

Abstract

Using two nationally representative data sets, this study examined health care expenditure disparities between Caucasians and different Asian American subgroups. Multivariate analyses demonstrate that Asian Americans, as a group, have significantly lower total expenditures compared with Caucasians. Results also point to considerable heterogeneities in health care spending within Asian American subgroups. Findings suggest that language assistance programs would be effective in reducing disparities among Caucasians and Asian American subgroups with the exception of Indians and Filipinos, who tend to be more proficient in English. Results also indicate that citizenship and nativity were major factors associated with expenditure disparities. Socioeconomic status, however, could not explain expenditure disparities. Results also show that Asian Americans have lower physician and pharmaceutical costs but not emergency department or hospital expenditures. These findings suggest the need for culturally competent policies specific to Asian American subgroups and the necessity to encourage cost-effective treatments among Asian Americans.

KEYWORDS:

Asian Americans; citizenship/nativity; health care expenditures; health disparity; language barrier

PMID:
23223329
PMCID:
PMC3925768
DOI:
10.1177/1077558712465773
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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