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Eur J Pharmacol. 2013 Jan 15;699(1-3):172-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2012.11.049. Epub 2012 Dec 5.

Evaluation of SSR161421, a novel orally active adenosine A3 receptor antagonist on pharmacology models.

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Sanofi Co. Ltd, H-1045 Budapest Tó utca 1-5, Hungary.


The effects of a novel adenosine A(3) receptor antagonist, SSR161421, were examined on both antigen per se and adenosine receptor agonist-increased airway responses in antigen-sensitized guinea pigs. Adenosine (10(-5)M) and AB-MECA [N6-(4-aminobenzyl)-adenosine-5'-N-methyl-uronamide dihydrochloride] (10(-7)M) increased the antigen response up to 61 ± 3.0% and 88 ± 5.2% of maximal contraction, respectively. The agonists of adenosine A(1) and A(2) adenosine receptors NECA [1-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-1-deoxy-N-ethyl-b-d-ribofuranuronamide-5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine], R-PIA [N(6)-R-phenylisopropyladenosine], and CGS21680 (10(-7)M) were ineffective. In vivo intravenous adenosine (600 μg/kg) and AB-MECA (30 μg/kg) increased the threshold antigen dose-induced bronchoconstriction by 214 ± 13.0% and 220 ± 15.2%, respectively. SSR161421 in vitro (IC(50)=5.9 × 10(-7)M) inhibited the AB-MECA-enhanced antigen-induced airway smooth muscle contractions and also in vivo the bronchoconstriction following either intravenous (ED(50)=0.008 mg/kg) or oral (ED(50)=0.03 mg/kg) administration in sensitized guinea pigs. Antigen itself could evoke tracheal contraction in vitro and bronchoconstriction in vivo in antigen-sensitized guinea pigs. SSR161421 (3 × 10(-6)M) decreased the AUC of the antigen-induced contraction-time curve to 20.8 ± 5.4% from the 100% control level. SSR161421 effectively reversed the antigen-induced bronchoconstriction, plasma leak and cell recruitment with EC(50) values of 0.33 mg/kg p.o., 0.02 mg/kg i.p. and 3 mg/kg i.p., respectively.

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