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Mol Cell. 2013 Jan 10;49(1):133-44. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2012.11.004. Epub 2012 Dec 6.

Protein quality control acts on folding intermediates to shape the effects of mutations on organismal fitness.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, 12 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.

Abstract

What are the molecular properties of proteins that fall on the radar of protein quality control (PQC)? Here we mutate the E. coli's gene encoding dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) and replace it with bacterial orthologous genes to determine how components of PQC modulate fitness effects of these genetic changes. We find that chaperonins GroEL/ES and protease Lon compete for binding to molten globule intermediate of DHFR, resulting in a peculiar symmetry in their action: overexpression of GroEL/ES and deletion of Lon both restore growth of deleterious DHFR mutants and most of the slow-growing orthologous DHFR strains. Kinetic steady-state modeling predicts and experimentation verifies that mutations affect fitness by shifting the flux balance in cellular milieu between protein production, folding, and degradation orchestrated by PQC through the interaction with folding intermediates.

PMID:
23219534
PMCID:
PMC3545112
DOI:
10.1016/j.molcel.2012.11.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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