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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1990 Apr;278(1):106-12.

13C NMR study of the interrelation between synthesis and uptake of compatible solutes in two moderately halophilic eubacteria. Bacterium Ba1 and Vibro costicola.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.

Abstract

The synthesis and uptake of intracellular organic osmolytes (compatible solutes) were studied with the aid of natural abundance 13C NMR spectroscopy in two unrelated, moderately halophilic eubacteria: Ba1 and Vibrio costicola. In minimal media containing 1 M NaCl, both microorganisms synthesized the cyclic amino acid, 1,4,5,6-tetrahydro-2-methyl-4-pyrimidinecarboxylic acid (trivial name, ectoine) as the predominant compatible solute, provided that no glycine betaine was present in the growth medium. When, however, the minimal medium was supplemented with glycine betaine or the latter was a component of a complex medium, it was transported into the cells and the accumulating glycine betaine replaced the ectoine. In Ba1, grown in a defined medium containing glucose as the single carbon source, ectoine could only be detected if the NaCl concentration in the medium was higher than 0.6 M; the ectoine content increased with the external salt concentration. At NaCl concentrations below 0.6 M, alpha,alpha-trehalose was the major organic osmolyte. The concentration of ectoine reached its peak during the exponential phase and declined subsequently. In contrast, the accumulation of glycine betaine continued during the stationary phase. The results presented here indicate that, at least in the two microorganisms studied, ectoine plays an important role in haloadaptation.

PMID:
2321951
DOI:
10.1016/0003-9861(90)90237-s
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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