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Z Med Phys. 2013 Sep;23(3):236-42. doi: 10.1016/j.zemedi.2012.11.003. Epub 2012 Dec 6.

Comparison of contrast-to-noise ratios of transmission and dark-field signal in grating-based X-ray imaging for healthy murine lung tissue.

Author information

1
Institute for Clinical Radiology, Ludwig Maximilians-University Hospital Munich, Marchioninistr. 15, 81377 München, Germany. felix.schwab@med.uni-muenchen.de

Abstract

PURPOSE:

An experimental comparison of the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) between transmission and dark-field signals in grating-based X-ray imaging for ex-vivo murine lung tissue.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Lungs from three healthy mice were imaged ex vivo using a laser-driven compact synchrotron X-ray source. Background noise of transmission and dark-field signal was quantified by measuring the standard deviation in a region of interest (ROI) placed in a homogeneous area outside the specimen. Image contrast was quantified by measuring the signal range in rectangular ROIs placed in central and peripheral lung parenchyma. The relative contrast gain (RCG) of dark-field over transmission images was calculated as CNRDF / CNRT.

RESULTS:

In all images, there was a trend for contrast-to-noise ratios of dark-field images (CNRDF) to be higher than for transmission images (CNRT) for all ROIs (median 61 vs. 38, p=0.10), but the difference was statistically significant only for peripheral ROIs (61 vs. 32, p=0.03). Median RCG was >1 for all ROIs (1.84). RCG values were significantly smaller for central ROIs than for peripheral ROIs (1.34 vs. 2.43, p=0.03).

CONCLUSION:

The contrast-to-noise ratio of dark-field images compares more favorably to the contrast-to-noise ratio of transmission images for peripheral lung regions as compared to central regions. For any specific specimen, a calculation of the RCG allows comparing which X-ray modality (dark-field or transmission imaging) produces better contrast-to-noise characteristics in a well-defined ROI.

KEYWORDS:

Bildkontrast; Image contrast; Lungenbildgebung; Röntgen-Dunkelfeld-Bildgebung; Röntgen-Phasenkontrast-Bildgebung; X-ray dark-field imaging; X-ray phase-contrast imaging; lung imaging

PMID:
23219282
DOI:
10.1016/j.zemedi.2012.11.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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