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Dig Liver Dis. 2013 Jun;45(6):510-5. doi: 10.1016/j.dld.2012.10.019. Epub 2012 Dec 6.

Surgical resection improves the survival of selected hepatocellular carcinoma patients in Barcelona clinic liver cancer stage C.

Author information

1
Division of Hepato-Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. wajing@adm.cgmh.org.tw

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Sorafenib is the only approved agent recommended by the American Association Study of Liver Disease guidelines for hepatocellular carcinoma patients in Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage C.

AIMS:

To calculate and compare overall survival rates in hepatocellular carcinoma patients in Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage C treated with various therapies or supportive care alone.

METHODS:

This was a retrospective study, in which medical data from 411 newly diagnosed hepatocellular carcinoma patients in Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage C and Child-Pugh class A were analyzed and compared.

RESULTS:

Eighty-eight patients were treated with supportive care and 323 were treated with surgical resection (68/323, 21.1%), local ablation therapy (8/323, 2.5%), transarterial embolization (140/323, 43.3%), systemic chemotherapy or radiotherapy (96/323, 29.7%), and sorafenib (11/323, 3.4%). Median survival was 11 months (95% confidence interval, 9.0-13.1) in treated patients compared with 3.9 months in the supportive care group (hazard ratio, 0.45; 95% confidence interval, 0.35-0.59; p<0.001). Patients who underwent surgical resection had the longest survival compared to patients undergoing other treatments (33.4 months versus 8.1 months, p<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Surgical resection resulted in excellent outcomes. Although sorafenib is currently recommended, oncologists should endeavour to select optimal candidates for surgical resection to gain more survival benefit.

PMID:
23218990
DOI:
10.1016/j.dld.2012.10.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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