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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2013 Jan 15;151(1-2):63-72. doi: 10.1016/j.vetimm.2012.10.006. Epub 2012 Nov 8.

Impact of diet on development of bronchial-associated immunity in the neonatal piglet.

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Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.


Bronchial-associated immune development is critically important to protect neonates from respiratory infections. Herein, bronchial-associated immune development in formula-fed and sow-reared pigs is described. Colostrum-fed newborn piglets were fed medicated sow milk replacer formula beginning at 48 h of life or remained with the sow. Blood and tissues were sampled at one-week (d7) and three-weeks (d21) of age. Lymphocyte subpopulations, including T helper 2, cytotoxic T, memory T, and NK cells, in peripheral blood, mediastinal lymph nodes, and thoracic lymph nodes were identified using flow cytometry. Additionally, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-12, TNFα, TGF-β1, TGF-β2, IFNα, IFNβ, and dectin gene expression were analyzed by quantitative RT-PCR. Total IgG, IgM, and IgA concentrations in serum were analyzed. Dietary and developmental effects were observed. This set of baseline measurements provides a framework for future respiratory challenge studies where the effects of diet on the neonate's ability to resist and/or recover from infection can be tested.

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