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Public Health Nutr. 2014 Feb;17(2):422-30. doi: 10.1017/S1368980012005186. Epub 2012 Dec 6.

State-wide dissemination of a school-based nutrition education programme: a RE-AIM (Reach, Efficacy, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance) analysis.

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1 Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, 2001 N. Soto Street Building (SSB), 3rd Floor, Room 302E, MC 9239, Los Angeles, CA 90033-9045, USA.
2 Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.
3 Harder + Company Community Research, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
4 Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA.
5 Dairy Council of California, Irvine, CA, USA.



The current study evaluated the overall public health impact of the 'Shaping Up My Choices' (SMC) programme, a 10-week school-based nutrition education curriculum developed for third-grade students, using the RE-AIM (Reach, Efficacy, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance) framework.


Randomized controlled trial to evaluate the programme and secondary analysis of archival data to describe dissemination. Data were collected from programme records, teacher surveys and student pre-, post- and 3-month follow-up surveys.


Public elementary schools in California.


An evaluation sample (938 students and nineteen teachers) and a dissemination sample (195 245 students and 7359 teachers).


In the evaluation sample, differences between the control and intervention groups were observed for nutrition knowledge, self-efficacy, outcome expectancies, and intakes of vegetables, fruit (girls only), soda, and low-nutrient high-energy foods from pre- to post-survey. Group differences in change in knowledge, outcome expectancies and vegetable intake were sustained through the 3-month follow-up (efficacy). One hundred per cent of intervention teachers in the evaluation sample implemented all of the lessons (implementation). The dissemination sample represented 42% of third-grade students (reach) and 39% of third-grade classrooms in public elementary schools in California during 2010-2011 (adoption). Thirty-seven per cent of third-grade teachers in the dissemination sample reordered SMC materials during the subsequent school year (2011-2012; maintenance).


The SMC programme demonstrates the potential for moderate to high public health impact.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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