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Carbohydr Polym. 2013 Jan 30;92(1):598-603. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2012.09.009. Epub 2012 Sep 14.

Structural characterization of polysaccharide obtained from red seaweed Gracilaria caudata (J Agardh).

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Departamento de Bioquímica e Biologia Molecular, Universidade Federal do Ceará, CP 12.200, CEP 60455-760 Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.


Seaweeds are considered an important source of bioactive molecules. In this work the marine red alga Gracilaria caudata was submitted to aqueous extraction of their polysaccharides for 2 h at 100 °C. The polysaccharide fraction (PGC) presented a recovery of 32.8%. The sulfate content of PGC, calculated by S%, is 1 ± 0.2% and the degree of sulfation accounts for 0.13 ± 0.2. High-Performance Size-Exclusion Chromatography demonstrated that PGC consists of a high molecular weight polysaccharide (2.5 × 10(5)gmol(-1)). Chemical analysis of PGC was performed by microanalysis, infrared (FT-IR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR, 1 and 2D) spectroscopy. The structure of PGC is mainly constituted by the alternating residues 3-linked-β-D-galactopyranose and 4-linked-3,6-α-L-anhydrogalactose; however some hydroxyl groups were substituted by methyl groups and pyruvic acid acetal. The biological precursor of 3,6-α-L-anhydrogalactose (6-sulfate-α-l-galactose) was also detected.

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