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Semin Nephrol. 2012 Nov;32(6):545-50. doi: 10.1016/j.semnephrol.2012.10.005.

Challenges and management of high-flow arteriovenous fistulae.

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American Access Care of Brooklyn, Brooklyn, NY 11215, USA.


The Kidney Dialysis Outcomes Quality Initiative and Fistula First Initiative have embraced the arteriovenous fistula as the gold standard for hemodialysis accesses. Despite this status, fistulae are fraught with complex issues ranging from a high primary failure rate to high flow resulting in increased cardiovascular morbidity. It is important not to overlook the insidious peril of a hyperfunctioning access that may actively promote cardiac overload, cardiopulmonary recirculation, rapid access growth with aneurysm enlargement, recurrent venous stenosis resulting in access failure, and inflow/outflow mismatch. Once recognized, flow can and should be reduced to mitigate these and other negative effects.

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