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Biochem J. 2013 Jan 1;449(1):11-23. doi: 10.1042/BJ20121323.

YB-1: oncoprotein, prognostic marker and therapeutic target?

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Department of Molecular Medicine and Pathology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand.


Hanahan and Weinberg have proposed the 'hallmarks of cancer' to cover the biological changes required for the development and persistence of tumours [Hanahan and Weinberg (2011) Cell 144, 646-674]. We have noted that many of these cancer hallmarks are facilitated by the multifunctional protein YB-1 (Y-box-binding protein 1). In the present review we evaluate the literature and show how YB-1 modulates/regulates cellular signalling pathways within each of these hallmarks. For example, we describe how YB-1 regulates multiple proliferation pathways, overrides cell-cycle check points, promotes replicative immortality and genomic instability, may regulate angiogenesis, has a role in invasion and metastasis, and promotes inflammation. We also argue that there is strong and sufficient evidence to suggest that YB-1 is an excellent molecular marker of cancer progression that could be used in the clinic, and that YB-1 could be a useful target for cancer therapy.

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