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Am Heart J. 1990 Apr;119(4):891-8.

Myocardial energetics and efficiency in patients with idiopathic cardiomyopathy: response to dobutamine and amrinone.

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1
Michael Reese Hospital, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, IL 60616.

Abstract

Nine consecutive patients having severe idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy were studied for their response in ventricular function, coronary sinus blood flow and myocardial oxygen consumption, lactate extraction and efficiency following incremental doses of dobutamine, followed by the combination of dobutamine and the phosphodiesterase inhibitor amrinone. Results, presented as baseline and the response to the peak dose (15 micrograms/kg/min) of dobutamine and to the combination of dobutamine and amrinone (each at 15 micrograms/kg/min) (differences compared with baseline) were: wedge pressure decreased from 28 +/- 7 to 26 +/- 8 mm Hg (p = NS) and to 20 +/- 6 mm Hg (p less than 0.01); cardiac index rose from 1.47 +/- 0.44 L/min/m2 to 2.89 +/- 1.1 L/min/m2 (p less than 0.01) and to 3.64 +/- 1.05 L/min/m2 (p less than 0.001); myocardial oxygen consumption remained invariant (18 +/- 8, 17 +/- 5, and 19 +/- 5 ml/min) despite progressive increments in minute work from 2.96 +/- 1.1 to 6.98 +/- 3.9 kg - m/min (p less than 0.01) and to 9.38 +/- 4.3 kg - m/min (p less than 0.001); myocardial lactate extraction rose from 21 +/- 10% to 30 +/- 15% (p = NS) and to 35 +/- 10% with the addition of amrinone (p less than 0.01). No patient had net lactate efflux into the coronary sinus, and myocardial efficiency improved from 9.5 +/- 5% to 21.7 +/- 13.0% (p less than 0.01) and to 28.0 +/- 18.0% (p less than 0.01).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
2321508
DOI:
10.1016/s0002-8703(05)80328-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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