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J Phys Chem A. 2013 Jan 10;117(1):244-51. doi: 10.1021/jp311057h. Epub 2012 Dec 20.

Thermochemistry of uracils. Experimental and computational enthalpies of formation of 5,6-dimethyl-, 1,3,5-trimethyl-, and 1,3,5,6-tetramethyluracils.

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Instituto de Química Física Rocasolano, CSIC, Serrano 119, 28006 Madrid, Spain.


We describe in the current paper an experimental and computational study of three methylated uracils, in particular, the 5,6-dimethyl-, 1,3,5-trimethyl-, and 1,3,5,6-tetramethyl derivatives. The values of the standard (p(0) = 0.1 MPa) molar enthalpies of formation in the gas phase at T = 298.15 K have been determined. The energies of combustion were measured by static bomb combustion calorimetry, and from the results obtained, the standard molar enthalpies of formation in the crystalline state at T = 298.15 K were calculated. The enthalpies of sublimation were determined using the transpiration method in a saturated N(2) stream. Values of -(376.2 ± 2.6), -(355.9 ± 3.0), and -(381.7 ± 2.8) kJ·mol(-1) for the gas-phase enthalpies of formation at T = 298.15 K of 5,6-dimethyluracil, 1,3,5-trimethyluracil, and 1,3,5,6-tetramethyluracil, respectively, were obtained from the experimental thermochemical study. An extended theoretical study with the G3 and the G4 quantum-chemical methods has been carried out for all the possible methylated uracils. There is a very good agreement between experimental and calculated enthalpies of formation for the three derivatives studied. A Free-Wilson analysis on G4-calculated enthalpies of formation has been carried out, and the contribution of methylation in the different positions of the uracil ring has been estimated.

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