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Adv Clin Exp Med. 2012 Mar-Apr;21(2):187-92.

ESBL-producing Escherichia coli isolated from children with acute diarrhea - antimicrobial susceptibility, adherence patterns and phylogenetic background.

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1
Department of Microbiology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wrocław, Poland. roman.franiczek@am.wroc.pl

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Escherichia coli remains the principal bacterial pathogen in childhood diarrhea and constitutes an important public health problem, especially in developing countries. Diarrheagenic E. coli strains often display resistance to beta-lactams due to the production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs).

OBJECTIVES:

A total of thirty ESBL-producing E. coli strains colonizing the gastrointestinal tracts of children with acute diarrhea were studied in order to determine their antimicrobial susceptibility, adherence patterns to the HEp-2 cell line and phylogenetic background.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

ESBL production was detected by the double disk synergy test (DDST). The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of antibacterial drugs were determined by an agar dilution technique on Mueller-Hinton agar. The presence of bla(TEM), bla(SHV) and bla(CTX-M) determinants in the strains studied was ascertained by polymerase chain reaction (PCR).

RESULTS:

The strains displayed the resistance pattern typical of ESBL producers. The majority of them (23 out of 30) were found to produce CTX-M-type ESBLs conferring a high level of resistance to oxyimino-beta-lactams, especially to cefotaxime and ceftriaxone. In many cases, the strains exhibited resistance to non-beta-lactam antimicrobials, such as gentamicin, amikacin, co-trimoxazole and tetracycline. On the other hand, these strains were uniformly susceptible to carbapenems, to oxyimino-beta-lactams combined with clavulanic acid and to tigecycline. The E. coli strains were distributed among the four main phylogenetic groups: A, B1, B2 and D. The in vitro adhesion assay revealed that all but two of the strains adhered to the HEp-2 epithelial cell line. Aggregative and diffuse adherence patterns were found to be the most prevalent.

CONCLUSIONS:

CTX-M-type enzymes were the most prevalent ESBLs among the strains studied. As many as 40% of the diarrheagenic E. coli isolates were found to belong to phylogenetic group D, which usually comprises E. coli strains associated with extra intestinal infections. The effectiveness of tigecycline against ESBL-producing E. coli strains was similar to that of imipenem and meropenem.

PMID:
23214282
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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