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J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2012 Aug;42(2):483-94.

The use of intensive phototherapy in severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia.

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Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt.


Phototherapy has been the therapy of choice for the newborn with indirect hyperbilirubinemia. Intensive phototherapy requires a spectral irradiance of 30 microw/ cm2/nm, delivered over as much of the body surface as possible and is nowadays recommended for cases of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia with elevated total serum bilirubin (TSB) levels according to the guidelines. This study was conducted on neonates presenting to the out-born Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of Cairo University Hospital with severe and extreme neonatal unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia during a 6 month period from August 2011 to January 2012. A total of 212 neonates presented with TSB > or = 20 mg/dl and were admitted for intensive phototherapy. The mean TSB on admission for all the cases was 26.8 +/- 6.2 mg/dl, ranging from 20 to 44 mg/dl. The mean duration of intensive phototherapy use was 14 hr. The mean rate of TSB declined during stay in the bilisphere was 1.019 mg/dl/hr. Exchange blood transfusion was indicated in 13 cases with extreme hyperbilirubinemia. 31 cases (14.62%) had rebound hyperbilirubinemia after phototherapy removal.

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