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G Ital Med Lav Ergon. 2012 Jul-Sep;34(3):251-4.

[New perspectives in biomonitoring of metallic elements: the example of hexavalent chromium].

[Article in Italian]

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Dipartimento di Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Sperimentale, Università degli Studi di Parma, Parma, Italy.


Plating industry is an important productive sector in all the national territory, because of its contribution to a high number of industrial products and crafts. In the chrome plating sector there is a specific chemical risk due to the exposure to compounds containing hexavalent Chromium [Cr(VI)]. Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) has been used to study both acute and long term exposure to Cr(VI) in chrome plating workers. Cr-EBC correlates with specific oxidative stress biomarkers. Moreover, both total Cr and its hexavalent fraction can be measured in EBC, which therefore is a promising biological fluid to assess the absorbed dose at the target organ level, the pulmonary reduction kinetics of Cr(VI) and in general its local pneumotoxic effects. EBC collection and analysis could give additional information to the traditional measures performed during biomonitoring.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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