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J Physiol Pharmacol. 2012 Oct;63(5):531-5.

Hypotensive, vasorelaxant and cardiodepressant activities of the ethanol extract of Sideritis raeseri spp. raeseri Boiss & Heldr.

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Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Nis, Nis, Serbia.


Sideritis raeseri spp. raeseri Boiss & Heldr is a native plant from the Mediterranean region that is used due to its medicinal and culinary properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ethanol extract of S. raeseri on the blood pressure, vascular and cardiac contractions. Arterial blood pressure was registered directly from the carotid artery in the anaesthetized rabbits. Aortic rings and the spontaneously beating atria were mounted in tissue bath. An intravenous injection of extract of S. raeseri (0.025-7.5 mg/kg) caused a dose dependent decrease of the arterial pressure and heart rate, with EC(50) value of 24.31±3.87 mg/kg and 88.14±7.51 mg/kg, respectively. In aortic preparations precontracted with KCl (80 mM), the extract of S. raeseri (0.005-1.5 mg/ml) elicited a vasodilatator action (EC(50) 0.11±0.008 mg/ml). In spontaneously beating rat atria, the extract of S. raeseri (0.005-1.5 mg/ml) produced decrease of chronotropic and inotropic activity (with EC(50) value of 0.63±0.03 mg/ml and 0.40±0.08 mg/ml). Administration of verapamil induced inhibition of force and rate of the atrial contraction. These results demonstrate that the ethanol extract of Sideritis raeseri spp. raeseri Boiss & Heldr can produce hypotension, vasodilatation, negative chronotropic and inotropic effects.

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