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Cold Spring Harb Protoc. 2012 Dec 1;2012(12). pii: pdb.prot072041. doi: 10.1101/pdb.prot072041.

Prism-type total internal reflection microscopy for single-molecule FRET.

Abstract

Single-molecule (sm) fluorescence detection is a powerful method for studying biological events without time and population averaging. Förster (fluorescence) resonance energy transfer (FRET) is a spectroscopic technique in which the efficiency of energy transfer from donor to acceptor molecules is used to determine distances between molecules in the 30-80 Å range. Structural changes in biological molecules or relative motion between two interacting molecules can be detected by a change in FRET. A variant of smFRET is based on total internal reflection (TIR) microscopy, which can be set up in two ways, either using an oil-immersion (objective-type) or a water-immersion (prism-type) lens. This protocol describes the setup for prism-type TIR microscopy (excitation and emission), which has been a major imaging tool for smFRET since it was first introduced.

PMID:
23209134
DOI:
10.1101/pdb.prot072041
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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