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Laryngorhinootologie. 2013 Feb;92(2):92-6. doi: 10.1055/s-0032-1330031. Epub 2012 Dec 3.

[Austrian tonsil study part 3: surgical technique and postoperative haemorrhage after tonsillectomy].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Klinische Abteilung für Allgemeine HNO, Universitätsklinik Graz, Graz, Österreich. stephanie@sarny.at

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Risk factors for postoperative haemorrhage after tonsillectomy are discussed controversy. In the past years surgical techniques were considered a determining factor for post-tonsillectomy bleedings in several studies.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

In a prospective, multicentre study 9,405 patients--of whom 4,437 underwent tonsillectomy and were focused in this article--were evaluated during study -period of 9 months (1st October 2009 till 30th June 2010). Postoperative haemorrhage was defined as any bleeding episode after extubation and classified according to a 7 grade scheme.

RESULTS:

Postoperative haemorrhage occurred in 14.4% (637/4,437) patients with 4.6% (204/4,437) requiring a return to theatre and 9.8% (433/4,437) experiencing minor bleedings. Bipolar techniques (with or without cold steel dissection) showed a haemorrhage risk of 16.8% (62/370). Severe bleedings occurred significantly more often with the use of bipolar techniques (8% compared to 4.6% severe bleedings for all operation techniques, p=0.003). In addition, Coblation® technique had a higher postoperative haemorrhage rate (23.5%, 12/51). However, minor bleedings occurred in the majority of patients operated with Coblation® technique (20% compared to 9.8% minor bleedings for all operation techniques, p<0.017).

CONCLUSION:

Following the strict definition of postoperative haemorrhage, we found higher postoperative haemorrhage rates for bipolar techniques and Coblation® technique. The proportion of severe bleedings is higher for bipolar methods, whereas the proportion of minor bleedings is higher for Coblation® technique.

PMID:
23208824
DOI:
10.1055/s-0032-1330031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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