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Appl Opt. 2012 Nov 20;51(33):8047-51. doi: 10.1364/AO.51.008047.

Optical properties of silicon titanium oxide mixtures prepared by metallic mode reactive sputtering.

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Fraunhofer Institute for Surface Engineering and Thin Films IST, Bienroder Weg 54 E, Braunschweig 38108, Germany.


In this paper different SiO(2)-TiO(2) mixtures are prepared by metallic mode reactive sputtering. The samples were sputtered from cylindrical targets in a sputter-up configuration using an additional plasma source for oxidization. The different ratios of SiO(2) and TiO(2) in the mixtures are prepared by a target sputtering power variation. Optical film properties of the mixtures such as refractive index, which is determined by ellipsometric measurements, and optical bandgap, which is measured by photometric (transmission) measurements, are investigated. The thin-film structure is investigated by x-ray diffraction analysis and the stress of the films is presented. It is shown that the metallic mode reactive sputtering in the present configuration is applicable to continuously tune optical and mechanical properties. Finally the sputtered mixed materials are compared with other optical standard materials such as Nb(2)O(5), Ta(2)O(5), HfO(2), and Al(2)O(3).

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