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Korean J Ophthalmol. 2012 Dec;26(6):455-61. doi: 10.3341/kjo.2012.26.6.455. Epub 2012 Nov 12.

Triamcinolone acetonide prevents enhancement of hypoxia-induced neuronal and inducible nitric oxide synthases in the retinas of rats with oxygen-induced retinopathy.

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1
Department of Ophthalmology, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We investigated whether oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) results in changes in the protein expression of neuronal and inducible nitric oxide synthases (nNOS and iNOS, respectively) in rat model of OIR. In addition, we evaluated whether treatment of rats with triamcinolone acetonide (TA) prevents this response.

METHODS:

To promote OIR, Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to hyperoxia from postnatal day 2 (P2) to P14. They were then returned to normoxia after P15. TA was injected into the right vitreous of P15 rats, while saline was injected into the left vitreous. At P18 the expression of nNOS and iNOS was determined using Western blotting and immunostaining techniques in retinas obtained from control rats.

RESULTS:

In P18 OIR rats, the abundance of nNOS and iNOS protein was significantly increased compared with controls. These increases were not observed in the retinas of rats treated with TA. The change in expression of nNOS and iNOS were specific to parvalbumin and glial fibrillary acidic protein-positive cells. Treatment with TA prevented the increased expression of nNOS and iNOS in all samples.

CONCLUSIONS:

Hypoxia upregulates expression of nNOS and iNOS in OIR rat retinas, which is can be prevented by treatment with TA.

KEYWORDS:

Anoxia; Nitric oxide synthase type I; Nitric oxide synthase type II; Oxygen-induced retinopathy; Triamcinolone acetonide

PMID:
23204802
PMCID:
PMC3506821
DOI:
10.3341/kjo.2012.26.6.455
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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