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J Infect Dis. 2013 Feb 15;207(4):553-63. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jis726. Epub 2012 Nov 29.

Impact of neuraminidase inhibitor treatment on outcomes of public health importance during the 2009-2010 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic: a systematic review and meta-analysis in hospitalized patients.

Author information

1
Health Protection and Influenza Research Group, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, United Kingdom.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The impact of neuraminidase inhibitor (NAI) treatment on clinical outcomes of public health importance during the 2009-2010 pandemic has not been firmly established.

METHODS:

We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis, searching 11 databases (2009 through April 2012) for relevant studies. We used standard methods conforming to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using random effects models.

RESULTS:

Regarding mortality we observed a nonsignificant reduction associated with NAI treatment (at any time) versus none (OR, 0.72 [95% CI, .51-1.01]). However we observed significant reductions for early treatment (≤48 hours after symptom onset) versus late (OR, 0.38 [95% CI, .27-.53]) and for early treatment versus none (OR, 0.35 [95% CI, .18-.71]). NAI treatment (at any time) versus none was associated with an elevated risk of severe outcome (OR, 1.76 [95% CI, 1.22-2.54]), but early versus late treatment reduced the likelihood (OR, 0.41 [95% CI, .30-.56]).

CONCLUSIONS:

During the 2009-2010 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic, early initiation of NAI treatment reduced the likelihood of severe outcomes compared with late or no treatment.

PROSPERO REGISTRATION:

CRD42011001273.

PMID:
23204175
PMCID:
PMC3549600
DOI:
10.1093/infdis/jis726
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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