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Int J Mol Sci. 2012 Nov 21;13(11):15401-19. doi: 10.3390/ijms131115401.

Marine omega-3 phospholipids: metabolism and biological activities.

Author information

1
Aker BioMarine ASA, Fjordalléen 16, NO-0115 Oslo, Norway. kjetil.berge@akerbiomarine.com.

Abstract

The biological activities of omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 FAs) have been under extensive study for several decades. However, not much attention has been paid to differences of dietary forms, such as triglycerides (TGs) versus ethyl esters or phospholipids (PLs). New innovative marine raw materials, like krill and fish by-products, present n-3 FAs mainly in the PL form. With their increasing availability, new evidence has emerged on n-3 PL biological activities and differences to n-3 TGs. In this review, we describe the recently discovered nutritional properties of n-3 PLs on different parameters of metabolic syndrome and highlight their different metabolic bioavailability in comparison to other dietary forms of n-3 FAs.

PMID:
23203133
PMCID:
PMC3509649
DOI:
10.3390/ijms131115401
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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