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Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2013 Feb;25(1):67-76, vi. doi: 10.1016/j.coms.2012.11.001. Epub 2012 Nov 30.

Burning mouth syndrome.

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  • 1Department of Oral Diagnostic Sciences, University at Buffalo, 355 Squire Hall, 3435 Main Street, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA.


Pain in the tongue or oral tissues described as "burning" has been referred to by many terms including burning mouth syndrome. When a burning sensation in the mouth is caused by local or systemic factors, it is called secondary burning mouth syndrome and when these factors are treated the pain will resolve. When burning mouth syndrome occurs in the absence of identified risk indicators, the term primary burning mouth syndrome is utilized. This article focuses on descriptions, etiologic theories, and management of primary burning mouth syndrome, a condition for which underlying causative agents have been ruled out.

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