Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Cardiol. 2013 Feb 15;111(4):582-7. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2012.10.041. Epub 2012 Nov 29.

Association of beta-blocker use and selectivity with outcomes in patients with heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (from OPTIMIZE-HF).

Author information

Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA.


In patients with heart failure (HF) with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), concerns exist regarding β blockers, particularly noncardioselective β blockers, precipitating bronchospasm or attenuating the benefit of inhaled β(2) agonists. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that noncardioselective β blockers would not be associated with worse outcomes compared with cardioselective β blockers in patients with concomitant COPD in a large HF registry. A retrospective analysis of patients from the Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients With Heart Failure (OPTIMIZE-HF) who had systolic dysfunction, documentation of β-blocker status, and follow-up information available after index hospitalization (n = 2,670) was performed. The associations between cardioselective and noncardioselective β blockers and the end points of 60- to 90-day mortality and mortality or rehospitalization in patients with (n = 722) and without (n = 1,948) COPD were analyzed using regression modeling. The models were adjusted for covariate predictors of β-blocker use at discharge and clinical predictors of outcomes. Noncardioselective and cardioselective β blockers were associated with lower risk-adjusted mortality in patients with and without COPD. There was no evidence that β-blocker selectivity was associated with a difference in outcomes between patients with and those without COPD (p for interaction >0.10 for both outcomes). In conclusion, despite concerns regarding β blockers in patients with HF with COPD, there was no evidence that β-blocker selectivity was associated with differences in outcomes for patients with HF with COPD versus those without.


[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center