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Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2013 Jan 1;23(1):119-24. doi: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2012.10.140. Epub 2012 Nov 12.

Discovery of N-[[1-[2-(tert-butylcarbamoylamino)ethyl]-4-(hydroxymethyl)-4-piperidyl]methyl]-3,5-dichloro-benzamide as a selective T-type calcium channel (Cav3.2) inhibitor.

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Medicinal Chemistry, AstraZeneca R&D CVGI iMed, Pepparedsleden 1, SE-431 83 Mölndal, Sweden.


The T-type calcium channel inhibitor Mibefradil was reported to protect the heart from atrial remodeling, a key process involved in the development of atrial fibrillation and arrhythmias. Mibefradil is not a selective T-type calcium channel inhibitor and also affects the function of different ion channels. Our aim was to develop a selective T-type calcium channel inhibitor to validate the importance of T-type-related pharmacology in atrial fibrillation. Structural optimisation of a previously disclosed hit series focussed on minimising exposure to the central nervous system and improving pharmacokinetic properties, while maintain adequate potency and selectivity. This resulted in the design of N-[[1-[2-(tert-butylcarbamoylamino)ethyl]-4-(hydroxymethyl)-4-piperidyl]methyl]-3,5-dichloro-benzamide, a novel, selective, peripherally restricted chemical probe to verify the role of T-type calcium channel inhibition on atrial fibrillation protection.

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