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Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2013 Feb;25(1):72-7. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2012 Nov 27.

Building a centriole.

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Department of Biological Sciences, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606, USA.


Centrioles are the key foundation of centrosomes and cilia, yet a molecular understanding of how they form has only recently begun to emerge. Building a fully functional centriole that can form a centrosome and cilium requires two cell cycles. Centriole building starts with procentriole nucleation, a process that is coordinated by the conserved proteins Plk4/Zyg-1, and Asterless/Cep152. Subsequently, Sas-6, a conserved procentriole protein, self-assembles to provide nine-fold symmetry to the centriole scaffold. The procentriole then continues to elongate into a centriole, a process controlled by Sas-4/CPAP and CP110. Then, centrioles recruit Sas-4-mediated pre-assembled centrosomal complexes from the cytoplasm to form the pericentriolar material (PCM). Finally, CP110 and its interacting proteins are involved in controlling the timing of centriole templating of the cilium.

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