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Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2013 Jul;79(1):86-92. doi: 10.1111/cen.12116. Epub 2013 Apr 27.

Pituitary stalk interruption syndrome in 58 Chinese patients: clinical features and genetic analysis.

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Department of Endocrinology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China.



Pituitary stalk interruption syndrome (PSIS) is rare and its clinical features and pathogenesis are poorly understood. This study characterized the clinical and genetic features of PSIS in Chinese patients.


Clinical data of 58 patients with PSIS and 46 patients with GH deficiency but a normal pituitary stalk (NPS) were retrospectively analysed. HESX1, LHX4, OTX2 and SOX3 polymorphisms were screened in 33 PSIS patients, and GH1 and GHRHR in 4 NPS patients.


Deficiency of GH was 100% in both PSIS and NPS groups. Other deficiency rates for PSIS and NPS groups were as follows: ACTH, 77·6% and 23·9%; TSH, 43·1% and 10·9%; LH/FSH, 94·2% and 47·4%; and combined pituitary hormone, 93·1% and 41·3% respectively. In PSIS and NPS patients, the percentages of anterior pituitary hypoplasia were 98·3% and 54·3%, pituitary stalk abnormality were 100% and 0%, and ectopic neurohypophysis were 91·4% and 0%. A novel heterozygous sequence variant (c.142A>T, p.T48S) was found in HESX1 in one PSIS patient, 3 polymorphisms (c.63T>C, p.G21G; c.450C>T, p.N150N; and c.983A>G, p.N328S) in LHX4 in 7, 1 and 31 PSIS patients, respectively, and a hemizygous polymorphism (c.157G>C, p.V53L) in SOX3 in one PSIS patient. No OTX2 abnormality was detected in PSIS patients, and no GH1 or GHRHR polymorphisms in NPS patients.


Compared with NPS, PSIS patients had more severe anterior pituitary hormone deficiency, lower anterior pituitary hormone secretion and higher probability of abnormal pituitary morphology. HESX1, LHX4 and SOX3 polymorphisms may be associated with PSIS.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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