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Mil Med. 2012 Nov;177(11):1387-92.

Maxillomandibular advancement as surgical treatment for obstructive sleep apnea in active duty military personnel: a retrospective cohort.

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1
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Madigan Healthcare System, Joint Base Lewis-McChord, 9040 Jackson Avenue, Tacoma, WA 98431, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of our study is to assess the surgical outcomes of active duty military personnel undergoing maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea.

METHODS:

Pre- and postoperative data on 37 military personnel who underwent MMA were assessed for changes in apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and minimum oxygen saturation. A surgical success was defined as a reduction of AHI by 50% or a postoperative AHI of <20.

RESULTS:

83.7% had an AHI greater than 20 (n = 33; range 7.6-118) with a mean preoperative AHI of 50.5 per hour. The postoperative AHI decreased by 36.3 to a new value of 14.2 (p < 0.001). Most service members experienced a postoperative AHI of less than 20 (n = 28; 76%). Sixteen (43%) had a surgical cure (AHI < 5). The number of surgical successes for this study was 81% (n = 30). The mean minimal nocturnal oxyhemoglobin saturation did not significantly change from preoperative 85% (SD = 6.8%) to postoperative 86% (SD = 7%; p = 0.21).

CONCLUSION:

MMA represents a viable surgical treatment option for military personnel in whom continuous positive airway pressure is either not tolerated or for those who desire a fully deployable status.

PMID:
23198518
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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