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Med Sci Monit. 2012 Dec;18(12):PR19-25.

Comparison of cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers between idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus and subarachnoid hemorrhage-induced chronic hydrocephalus: a pilot study.

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1
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Hallym University Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University, South Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We examined the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) markers of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH)-induced and idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) to investigate the pathophysiology and mechanism of communicating hydrocephalus compared to obstructive hydrocephalus.

MATERIAL/METHODS:

We obtained CSF samples from 8 INPH, 10 SAH-induced hydrocephalus, and 6 unmatched patients with non-hemorrhagic obstructive hydrocephalus during their ventriculoperitoneal shunt operations. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and total tau in the CSF were analyzed via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

RESULTS:

The mean VEGF levels in the CSF of patients with SAH-induced hydrocephalus, INPH, and obstructive hydrocephalus were 239 ± 131, 239 ± 75, and 163 ± 122 pg/mL, respectively. The total tau concentrations in the CSF of the groups were 1139 ± 1900, 325 ± 325, and 1550 ± 2886 pg/mL, respectively. TNF-α values were 114 ± 34, 134 ± 38, and 55 ± 16 pg/mL, respectively. TGF-β1 values were 953 ± 430, 869 ± 447, and 136 ± 63 pg/mL, respectively. A significant difference in TNF-α and TGF-β1 levels was observed only between SAH-induced and chronic obstructive hydrocephalus, and between INPH and chronic obstructive hydrocephalus (p<0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

No significant differences in the 4 CSF biomarker levels were observed between INPH and SAH-induced hydrocephalus, whereas CSF TNF-α and TGF-β1 levels were increased compared to those in patients with chronic obstructive hydrocephalus. Post-SAH hydrocephalus and INPH are probably more destructive to neural tissues, and then stimulate the inflammatory reaction and healing process, compared with obstructive hydrocephalus.

PMID:
23197244
PMCID:
PMC3560808
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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