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J Appl Physiol (1985). 2013 Jan 15;114(2):211-6. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00741.2012. Epub 2012 Nov 29.

Differential effects of mild central hypovolemia with furosemide administration vs. lower body suction on dynamic cerebral autoregulation.

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Division of Hygiene, Department of Social Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo 173-8610, Japan.


Diuretic-induced mild hypovolemia with hemoconcentration reportedly improves dynamic cerebral autoregulation, whereas central hypovolemia without hemoconcentration induced by lower body negative pressure (LBNP) has no effect or impairs dynamic cerebral autoregulation. This discrepancy may be explained by different blood properties, by degrees of central hypovolemia, or both. We investigated the effects of equivalent central hypovolemia induced by furosemide administration or LBNP application on dynamic cerebral autoregulation to test our hypothesis that mild central hypovolemia due to furosemide administration enhances dynamic cerebral autoregulation in contrast to LBNP. Seven healthy male subjects received 0.4 mg/kg furosemide and LBNP, with equivalent decreases in central venous pressure (CVP). Dynamic cerebral autoregulation was assessed by spectral and transfer function analysis between beat-to-beat mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and mean cerebral blood flow velocity (MCBFV). CVP decreased by ∼3-4 mmHg with both furosemide administration (∼26 mg) and LBNP (approximately -20 mmHg). Steady state MCBFV remained unchanged with both techniques, whereas MAP increased significantly with furosemide administration. Coherence and transfer function gain in the low and high frequency ranges with hypovolemia due to furosemide administration were significantly lower than those due to LBNP (ANOVA interaction effects, P < 0.05), although transfer function gain in the very low frequency range did not change. Our results suggest that although the decreases in CVP were equivalent between furosemide administration and LBNP, the resultant central hypovolemia differentially affected dynamic cerebral autoregulation. Mild central hypovolemia with hemoconcentration resulting from furosemide administration may enhance dynamic cerebral autoregulation compared with LBNP.

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