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J Parasitol. 1990 Apr;76(2):162-7.

Immunohistochemical demonstration of Trypanosoma evansi in tissues of experimentally infected rats and a naturally infected water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis).

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Department of Veterinary Pathology, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada.


Trypanosoma evansi was demonstrated by an immunohistochemical technique in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues of experimentally infected rats. Trypanosoma evansi was visible readily, nuclei were stained darkly, the cytoplasm was stained moderately, and the cell membranes were delineated clearly. The parasites were present in small- to large-sized blood vessels of all organs, in extravascular spaces of ventricles and neuropil of the brain, and in interstitial tissues of the lung and testes. This method also stained nuclei but not cytoplasm or cell membranes of Trypanosoma congolense, and did not stain Trypanosoma theileri. In a water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) with nonsuppurative meningoencephalitis, the presence of T. evansi could not be demonstrated by conventional histological stains. However, the trypanosomes were recognized readily in the Virchow-Robin spaces and neuropil of the brain by the immunohistochemical method.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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