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Genet Test Mol Biomarkers. 2013 Jan;17(1):35-9. doi: 10.1089/gtmb.2012.0201. Epub 2012 Nov 29.

Contribution of JAK2 and STAT3 variants to the genetic susceptibility of recurrent spontaneous miscarriage in a Tunisian population.

Author information

1
Research Unit of Biology and Genetics of Hematological and Autoimmune Diseases, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia. safsafsophie@gmail.com

Abstract

AIMS:

Th1 and Th2 balance is crucial for maintenance of pregnancy, and intracellular JAK and STAT proteins significantly contribute to it. In view of evidence linking JAK2 and STAT3 variants with recurrent spontaneous miscarriage (RSM), here we investigated the association of JAK2 (rs2230724) and STAT3 (rs1053023 and rs1053004) to RSM susceptibility in Tunisians.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

A retrospective case-control study. Subjects comprised 235 RSM cases and 235 control subjects. JAK2 and STAT3 were genotyped by the allelic discrimination method.

RESULTS:

STAT3 rs1053023 and, to a lower extent, rs1053004 were significantly associated with RSM under the additive and dominant, but not recessive models. This remained significant after adjustment for the covariates age, smoking, and gravida. In contrast to STAT3 variants, JAK2 rs2230724 was not associated with RSM under any of the genetic models tested. Two-locus STAT3 (rs1053023/rs1053004) haplotype analysis revealed increased frequency of the C/G haplotype in patients with RSM. Multivariate regression analysis confirmed the association of C/G haplotype with RSM (p=0.001; odds ratio=2.01; 95% confidence interval=1.32-3.07), thus conferring RSM susceptibility nature. These differences remained significant after applying the Bonferroni correction for multiple testing (Pc=0.004).

CONCLUSIONS:

STAT3 rs1053023, more so than the STAT3 rs1053004 or JAK2 rs2230724 polymorphisms, is associated with RSM risk.

PMID:
23193966
DOI:
10.1089/gtmb.2012.0201
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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