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Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2012 Nov;121(11):719-24.

Topical gel therapy for sinonasal polyposis in Samter's triad: preliminary report.

Author information

1
Division of Rhinology, Dept of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Union Memorial Hospital, 201 E University Pkwy, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Rhinosinusitis and polyposis are difficult to treat in patients with Samter's triad; they commonly recur despite sinus surgery, antibiotics, and/or nasal steroids. The present study assesses the efficacy of a multimodal regimen that includes topical corticosteroids and antibiotics delivered through a hydroxyethyl cellulose gel and by nebulization.

METHODS:

Eleven patients with Samter's triad who had polyposis and rhinosinusitis that recurred despite endoscopic sinus surgery were treated with a 6-week course of multimodal topical therapy consisting of a hydroxyethyl cellulose gel that releases corticosteroids and antibiotics, topical nebulization of corticosteroids and antibiotics, saline solution rinses, and sinus debridement. Clinical outcomes were evaluated by Lund-Kennedy endoscopic and symptom scores. Histologic assessment was evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin staining before and after treatment.

RESULTS:

Both Lund-Kennedy symptom and endoscopic scores showed.a progressive and statistically significant decline throughout the course of treatment, reaching at 6 weeks 42% of the pretreatment values (p = 0.005) for the Lund-Kennedy symptom score and 34% (p = 0.002) for the endoscopic score, respectively; however, the significance of the improvement was lost with time.

CONCLUSIONS:

Topical gel therapy improves clinical symptoms, endoscopic findings, and sinus membrane histologic features in patients with refractory Samter's triad, but the improvement is transient, suggesting that a longer therapeutic period might be needed.

PMID:
23193904
DOI:
10.1177/000348941212101104
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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